Pollen, dust mites, food … Allergy-all reflexes

20-25% of people are allergic to dust mites, pollen, peanuts, nickel, chat … You too? How to react? Here are recommendations of allergists in each case; for ten known allergens.

All epidemiological studies show that the allergies are constantly increasing and allergens increasingly numerous


An allergen is a substance that the body usually well tolerated but in some people, triggers an abnormal and excessive reaction of the immune system. Reaction that results in rhinitis, the asthma, rashes…


It is in the room, preferred habitat of mites that measures eviction will be more drastic.


  • Outlaw wool blankets, duvets and feather pillows. If the mattress is more than six years, cover a full mite cover medical quality.
  • Wash sheets and pillowcases every week; duvets, pillows and stuffed animals every three months. From 30 ° C, washing is effective.
  • Ventilate for 20 minutes daily room, open bed.
  • If you leave even one night, always take your allergy treatment (or your child) just in case.
  • Once a week, vacuum and mop go on floors; dusting shelves and furniture with a damp cloth or an electrostatic cloth.


  • Acaricide products,that are more toxic than anything else.
  • Carpet, rug … and disorder: the soil must be smooth, clothing locked, toys placed in boxes when not in use.
  • The moisture, which promotes the proliferation of mites: no laundry drying in the room or aquarium or plants. And no steam cleaner to the mattress.


Protect yourself from the arrival of pollen you are allergic to: visit the national monitoring network Aerobiological; a downloadable application to receive, on your computer or on your iPhone, custom alerts.


  • Start the treatment without waiting to be embarrassed and continue it throughout the period of pollination. If it is not enough, see your doctor for review.
  • Keep on your medication: bronchodilator, drops …
  • Roll windows closed during the day. If the car has air conditioning, change the “high efficiency particulate air” filters (HEPA) every year.
  • Ventilate the house, but do it early morning or late evening.
  • Rinse your hair before going to bed, especially during peak pollen.


  • His sheets dry out during the pollen period.
  • Mow your lawn, or worse, clearing brush. Ultimately, do it with a mask and eye allergy.


That says “mold” called “moisture.” We must therefore address both.


  • Ventilate your home every day at least ten minutes.
  • Check that there are no leaks or leaks that ventilation (CMV) works, that the vents are not obstructed. Place the appropriate a desiccant in the affected parts.
  • If the moldy spot is less than 3 m2, wash with soap and water with a damp cloth, then dry with a cloth. Then rewash the area with a sponge slightly moistened with diluted bleach to 1/10, with a dry cloth or hair dryer. Repeat the operation if necessary. For larger stains, call a professional.


  • Plants: they increase the humidity of the habitat, and the earth is a tank mold.
  • The murals on the wall: Leave a space of about 5 cm between.
  • The “camoufage” paint does not prevent the stain from returning. With wallpaper, détapissez, sanitize and watch for a while before redecorating.


If the separation is really too difficult, remains to limit contact with allergens: not cat hair, but his saliva, urine and dander that settles on his coat licking.


  • The ideal is that it often remains outside. Inside, just stick it in rooms where there is the least amount of textile (sofa, carpet, clothing …). Forbid him access to the chamber allergic.
  • Once a week, have a wet washcloth on his hair and wash his pillow or blanket every month.
  • Before visiting friends who have a cat, take your treatment prevention and take it. On the spot, drop your business where the cat will not.


  • Caresses if you touch it wash your hands afterwards.
  • Cleaning the litter. And, if possible, store it in the garage or on the terrace.


The golden rule: act both individually and collectively if you live in a building.


  • Ask special glue traps roaches behind the refrigerator, near the trash under the sink: inspect them regularly. Once there was a cockroach, a sign that there are others, notify the condo to decontaminate all apartments without exception.Meanwhile the procedure, you can use a cockroach gel that attracts and intoxicates the animal.
  • Condemn all chutes.
  • Lock cookies and other sweet foods in airtight containers.


  • Storage boxes (hi-fi, moving …) you dispose in immediately after unpacking.
  • Insecticide sprays, which are toxic and only deal locally.


In children, the egg white, cow’s milk and peanuts are most often involved. In adults, it is the fruit (bananas, avocados, kiwis, peaches, apples, strawberries …) and vegetables (mainly celery).


  • Always with you, even to go to friends, emergency kit that has been prescribed: it contains at least one antihistamine and cortisone, and if the allergy is severe, a bronchodilator and adrenaline self-injection pen. Do not hesitate to use epinephrine if, despite antihistamines and cortisone, symptoms worsen. You are more likely to wait to take the lead.
  • Decipher labels: legislation requires manufacturers to indicate any presence of the 14 most common food allergens.
  • Make regular updates with your allergist, some allergies can disappear over time.
  • At the restaurant, opt for simple dishes: grilled vegetables … Do not believe the servers on their good faith even if they assure you that there is no egg or milk in the dish, they may not know what ingredients go into the mix often used in industrial food preparation.


  • The “experiments”, such as reintroducing yourself a food to see if you are still allergic. Or take his salary to be able to eat. The reaction is hidden, but that additional contact will increase the level of sensitivity.
  • The arbitrary eviction of an entire category of foods, you may be allergic to shrimp, but need to delete other seafood.


The substances in question are first fragrances and preservatives. The Isothiazolinone is the conservative who nowadays pose the most problems: its use is widespread in many cosmetics, shower gels, shampoos, detergents…


  • For cosmetics: select those made with the least amount of ingredients and no preservatives or fragrance, whether natural or synthetic.
  • For cleaning products: Read the labels, which necessarily must include the presence of potentially allergenic fragrances carefully. Follow the instructions, especially for dilutions, and wear gloves in good condition.
  • If you make a reaction but do not know which product caused it, stop them all. But keep the packaging with the ingredients list and take pictures of the damage, to show it to your dermatologist, allergist. To soothe the rash, apply a corticosteroid cream. Some, low-dose, are sold without a prescription.


  • The proliferation of creams: choose one and be ahead fdèle!
  • Blind faith in the bios cosmetics: they may contain allergens, many essential oils.
  • The same applies to detergents: potentially allergenic fragrances are indeed tolerated by Nature and Progress, Ecocert or the EU Ecolabel, which also allows Isothiazolinone. Avoid creams and antihistamines: they can paradoxically cause histamine reactions or be photosensitizing.


This allergy is less common since a European directive banned nickel in objects intended for direct and prolonged contact with skin. Concerned jewelry, watches metallic elements, buttons, rivets, zippers, parts of glasses and mobile phones.

Things to do

  • Look for the “CE” marking, which ensures compliance with the Directive.
  • If you discover you are allergic to nickel, obtain a rate detector nickel: the solution is applied to the metal surface allows detecting a minute without damaging the object.
  • If you wear a jewel “at risk”, coat it with a special insulating varnish.


  • Rub your eyes after touching the metal as money.
  • Keep your keys and your money in your pocket.
  • The makeup in blue or green eyes.


According to the French Society of Allergology, the prevalence of allergic reactions to the venom of bees and wasps in the population is between 0.3% and 7.5% which, according to the National Institute of Health and Medical Research, is the cause of three to five deaths per year.

Things to do

  • Always carry a venom pump and kit prescribed by the doctor, with antihistamine, cortisone , or auto-injectable epinephrine . Learn how to take them. Do not hesitate, if big reaction, to use epinephrine.
  • Install traps wasps and hornets. If that’s not enough, a company insecticide treatment will prevent the roof to nest and proliferate.


  • Walk barefoot outside.
  • You stir in the presence of bees.
  • Take and eat fruit without having inspected; drink in a can left open outside.
  • Wear brightly colored clothing, using perfumes and perfumed shampoos.


According to a 2004 study Portuguese, 7 to 10% of the population reported to his doctor skin or respiratory reaction to a drug, usually an antibiotic.


  • Consult an allergist hospital, only empowered to make tests. Eight times out of ten it is a temporary reaction, usually related to the disease.
  • If the allergy is confirmed, keep a map with you on how (s) molecule (s) you are allergic and what alternatives exist in the same drug class.


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