Electronic cigarettes contain dangerous chemicals: American researchers
Electronic cigarettes or ecigarettes, popular among young and prone to controversies are flavored with certain hazardous chemicals of which is linked to a serious lung disease, scientists have discovered.
They call for urgent action to determine the extent of risks and call for federal regulation in the United States.
Diacetyl, a substance linked to a serious lung disease, was found in 75% of flavored electronic cigarettes refills and tested by the researchers of the Faculty of Public Health Harvard University (Massachusetts, north-east). They have published their findings in the December issue of the journal Environmental Health Perspectives.
Two other harmful substances were also detected in a large number of aromatic essences, including varieties prized by young vapoteurs as “cotton candy” or “cupcake”.
The US administration responsible for the safety and health at workplaces, as well as the food industry, has issued warnings for people working in contact diacetyl.
Inhaled, this substance can cause chronic bronchitis obliterans rare, first appeared there about ten years in the production units of workers who breathed artificial butter flavoring used in popcorn smell.
“Diacetyl and other chemicals are also used in many artificial flavors for electronic cigarettes, such as fruits, alcoholic beverages and, in this research, candy,” says Joseph Allen, assistant professor of environmental health Harvard University, one of the main authors.
The market there is more than 7,000 fragrances in ecigarettes and “e-juice” liquid containing nicotine used as a refill. As the popularity and use of cigarettes continue to grow, there is a lack of information on their potential effects on health, the researchers lament.